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Friday, May 6, 2016

Top Things To Do After Installing Fedora Linux On Your System

Top Things To Do
After Installing Fedora Linux
On Your System
(PART 1)


Next Page (part 2)


Fedora Linux is one of the popular RPM based Linux operating system sponsored by Red Hat to co-ordinate the development of the project. Fedora distribution has a reputation as being a FOSS distribution that focuses on innovation and close work with upstream Linux communities.

Requirements vary from person to person, depending upon whether the person is experienced user, a novice user, an artist or a programmer, but most of the things listed here are essential after a clean install of Fedora Linux. Without wasting time anymore, let's have a look at must to do things after installing Fedora on your system.

1 . Check for updates and Make Sure Your System Is Upto-date

Make sure your system upto date. How to check and do ? It's very simply, you can do by hitting below command on your terminal.

sudo dnf check-update && sudo dnf upgrade

2 . Enable RPMFusion Repos (VERY IMPORTANT)

First and foremost thing to do after installation of Fedora is to enable the RPM Fusion Repos. This will increase the number of applications and programs in your repository and you can easily install them via Software Center or command line.Fedora ships with official repositories & components which will not ship with any non free softwares. RPMFusion is a software repository, providing add-on packages & essential software for Fedora distribution such as multimedia codes.
See, How to enable RPM fusion repositories...

Please Run sudo dnf check-update (for feedora 22 and later) and sudo yum update (for fedora 21 and older releases..) once after enabling RPM Fusion Repos.

3 . Install Gnome Tweak Tool & dconf editor

By default GNOME settings and options are looking good and you want make your desktop settings to more more, alternatively you can install Gnome Tweak Tool & dconf editor which will give lots of cool options which was not there in GNOME Application. This will make your desktop more beautiful.

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo dnf install gnome-tweak-tool dconf-editor

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo yum install gnome-tweak-tool dconf-editor

4 . Add GNOME Shell Extensions

Still you can avail lots of GNOME shell desktop extensions to make your system easier by adding more GNOME Shell Extension. How to do that ? Simply go to extensions.gnome.org and click the extension you want to install. You can activate/deactivate the extension by clicking on/off button.


5 . Install Media Codecs

Many of the codecs required to play mp3 files, avi files etc are missing from fedora. They must be installed inorder to play different media formats on Fedora , Due to some reason multimedia codecs are not included in Fedora Official repository archive but you can install by adding RPMFusion repositories, check Step-2.

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo dnf install gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-bad-free-extras gstreamer-plugins-bad-nonfree gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamer-ffmpeg gstreamer1-libav gstreamer1-plugins-bad-free-extras gstreamer1-plugins-bad-freeworld gstreamer1-plugins-base-tools gstreamer1-plugins-good-extras gstreamer1-plugins-ugly gstreamer1-plugins-bad-free gstreamer1-plugins-good gstreamer1-plugins-base gstreamer1

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo yum install gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-bad-free-extras gstreamer-plugins-bad-nonfree gstreamer-plugins-ugly gstreamer-ffmpeg gstreamer1-libav gstreamer1-plugins-bad-free-extras gstreamer1-plugins-bad-freeworld gstreamer1-plugins-base-tools gstreamer1-plugins-good-extras gstreamer1-plugins-ugly gstreamer1-plugins-bad-free gstreamer1-plugins-good gstreamer1-plugins-base gstreamer1

6 . Install VLC media player:

Let me confess, I cannot imagine using my personal computer without VLC media player. It's the best out there. It can download subtitles automatically, you can manually synchronize the subs, you can watch online videos with subtitles with VLC . Use the following command to install VLC:

Note : You should first install/enable RPM Fusions repository (check Step 2) to install vlc with following command.

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo dnf install vlc

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo yum install vlc

If above command didn't works for you.. then.. use following commands..

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo rpm -ivh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-rawhide.noarch.rpm && sudo dnf check-update && sudo dnf install vlc

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo rpm -ivh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-rawhide.noarch.rpm && sudo yum update && sudo yum install vlc

7 . Play encrypted DVD in Fedora :

libdvdcss is a simple library designed for accessing DVDs like a block device without having to bother about the decryption. Enable encrypted DVD playback in Fedora using the following commands:

However , first you should enable Livna repos on your system.. to install libdvdcss.

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo rpm -ivh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpm && sudo dnf check-update && sudo dnf install libdvdcss

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo rpm -ivh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpm && sudo yum update && sudo yum install libdvdcss

8 . Install rar , unrar and 7zip:

To avoid error like "There is no command installed for RAR archive files" or "There is an error occurred while opening RAR archive files" install RAR and 7zip using the following command:

For Fedora 22 and later...

sudo dnf install rar unrar p7zip

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum install rar unrar p7zip

9 . Install other Desktop Environments

The default installation of Fedora offers Gnome DE as default desktop. If you want to try other desktops on top of fedora ,you don't need to download install entire/different OS. You can install them on existing system from official repositories just like any other application software. Fortunately, many famous desktop environments such as Mate, KDE, XFCE, LXDE, etc.. are available for download from the official repositories, to install any of these desktops just run the following command.

Install KDE Desktop

sudo dnf install @kde-desktop

Install Cinnamon Desktop

sudo dnf install @cinnamon-desktop

Install MATE desktop

sudo dnf install @mate-desktop

Install XFCE desktop

sudo dnf install @xfce-desktop

Install LXDE desktop

sudo dnf install @lxde-desktop

10 . Improve battery life and reduce overheating:

Overheating of laptops is a common issue, not only in Fedora but in any operating systems. Overheating also affects the battery life. you can use TLP to improve battery life. Install and start TLP using the following command:

For Fedora 22 and later:

sudo dnf install tlp tlp-rdw && sudo tlp start

For Fedora 21 and older releases:

sudo yum install tlp tlp-rdw && sudo tlp start

For More details see , official tlp docs

11 . Install Steam

Steam is a digital store for Windows, Mac and Linux games. It has many great games, some of them are free and some aren't. If you're a gaming fan, you'll love trying Steam.
To install it, first enable RPM Fusion repository from Step-2 and run.

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf install steam

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum install steam

12 . Install Google Chrome

Google Chrome is not only one of the more popular, fastest, and most reliable browsers available, but it also includes a pre-packed and fully patched version of Adobe Flash and a huge array of extensions and apps.

Google drops its support for 32 bit Google Crome builds on All Linux systems from JAN 2016

For Fedora 22 and later (64 bit)

sudo dnf --nogpgcheck install https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm

OR

sudo rpm -Uhv https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm

13 . Install Sublime Text & Atom Text Editor:

Sublime Text is a cross-platform text editor with a Python application programming interface (API). It natively supports many programming languages and markup languages, and its functionality can be extended by users with plugins, typically community-built and maintained under free-software licenses

Installation :

See How to install version of sublime text 3 in Linux Systems

And Atom Text Editor is a another nice and feature rich cross platform open source text editor, developed by GitHub. Atom is a desktop application built using web technologies. Atom is based on Electron (formerly known as Atom Shell), a framework that enables cross-platform desktop applications using Chromium and Node.js. It can also be used as an IDE.

Installation :

See , How to install Atom text editor on Fedora.

14 . Install Image Applications

If you are a photography enthusiast and you want to handle and manipulate images on Ubuntu, probably you want to install the following imaging programs:

  1. GIMP (alternative for Adobe Photoshop)
  2. Darktable
  3. Rawtherapee
  4. Pinta
  5. Shotwell
  6. Inkscape (alternative for Adobe Illustrator)
  7. Digikam

This applications can be installed all at once by using the following command line on Terminal:

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf -y install gimp gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras darktable rawtherapee pinta shotwell inkscape digikam

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum -y install gimp gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras darktable rawtherapee pinta shotwell inkscape digikam

15 . Install Wine

Wine enables Linux, Mac, FreeBSD, and Solaris users to run Windows applications without a copy of Microsoft Windows. Wine is free software under constant development. Other platforms may benefit as well.

First add the repository :

Fedora 22:

sudo dnf config-manager --add-repo https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/fedora/22/winehq.repo

Fedora 23:

sudo dnf config-manager --add-repo https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/fedora/23/winehq.repo

Install package

sudo dnf install winehq-devel

OR

sudo dnf install winehq-staging

16 . Install Samba File sharing

In order to share folders in Ubuntu with other Linux and windows machines in your network, you will need to install and configure Samba share, for instructions see how to configure Samba in Fedora and similar Linux systems..

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf install samba samba-client samba-common

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum -y install samba samba-client samba-common

17 . Install OpenTeacher

OpenTeacher is an opensource application that helps you learn a foreign language vocabulary. Just enter some answers and questions in your native and foreign language or download them from internet, and OpenTeacher will test and let you know your vocabulary test result.

Download OpenTeacher from here..

Installation

  1. Download the .rpm file from the Download section of this website.
  2. When the download has completed, doubleclick the .rpm file you just downloaded. This will open the GUI with installation prompts.
  3. Click "install" to start the installation.

or , simply you can install it with following command..

sudo rpm -Uhv < Download_URL_For_RPM_File>

18 . Install qbittorrent :

qbittorrent is a simple and effecient.. torrent client available for Linux.

Installation :

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf install qbittorrent

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum install qbittorrent

19 . Install Clementine - Music player:

Clementine is a cross-platform free and open source music player and library organizer. It is available for Unix-like, Windows and Mac OS X. Clementine is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

Installation

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf install clementine

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum install clementine

20 . Install Brasero(Disk Burning Program) :

Brasero - A simple disk burning app for Linux. You can simply install it with following command..

For Fedora 22 and later

sudo dnf install brasero

For Fedora 21 and older releases..

sudo yum install brasero
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